Designed to complement its parent instrument, the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI), the PAI-A is an objective personality assessment for use with adolescents.
Purpose: Assess adolescent personality
Age range: 12 to 18 years
Admin: Self-report; Individual or group
Admin time: 30-45 minutes to complete; 15-20 minutes to score
Scoring time: 20 minutes
Qualification level: C
Features and benefits
• The PAI-A closely parallels the adult version of the instrument, but contains fewer items. Items are written at a 4th-grade reading level.
• Clinical constructs, which were selected on the basis of their importance within the nosology of mental disorder and their significance in contemporary diagnostic practice, assess experiences (e.g., suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety) that are expressed with reasonable consistency across the life span.
• PAI-A scores are presented in the form of linear T scores, which were calculated with reference to a U.S. Census-matched community sample.
• Twenty-two non-overlapping scalesâ€”four Validity scales, 11 Clinical scales, five Treatment Consideration scales, and two Interpersonal scalesâ€”comprise 264 items. Ten of these scales contain conceptually driven subscales designed to facilitate interpretation and coverage of the full breadth of complex clinical constructs.
• PAI-A Profile Form–Adolescent contains a clinical “skylineâ€ indicating the distribution of scores from a large sample of clinical cases, enabling you to compare your client’s scores with those in the clinical sample.
• PAI-A Critical Items Form–Adolescent lists 17 items whose responses may alert the clinician to the existence of behavior or psychopathology that requires immediate attention.
• The standardization of the PAI-A utilized information from (a) a Census-matched sample of 707 community-based students ages 12-18 years in junior and senior high school and college and (b) a clinical sample composed of 1,160 adolescents, most of whom were tested in an outpatient mental health setting.
• Average internal consistency for the substantive scales was .79 and .80 for the community standardization sample and the clinical sample, respectively.
• An average test-retest stability coefficient of .78 was found for the substantive scales (M= 18 days; SD = 5.77).
• The PAI-A was validated against several popular measures of personality and psychopathology, including the MMPI-A™, the APS™, the NEO-FFI™, and the BDI®.
Note: The PAI is a C-Level Instrument
Qualification Level C:
Tests with a C qualification require a high level of expertise in test interpretation, and can be purchased by individuals with:
A doctorate degree in psychology, education, or closely related field with formal training in the ethical administration, scoring and interpretation of clinical assessments related to the intended use of the assessment.
Licensure or certification by a provincial College of Psychology to practice in your province in a field related to the purchase.
Certification by or full membership in a professional organization such as College of Psychology, the Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), the Canadian Register of Health Service Providers in Psychology (CRHSPP), the Canadian Association of School Psychologists (CASP) or other North American organizations such as the American Psychological Association (APA) that requires training and experience in the relevant area of assessment.